API Backend Developer Node

Top 10 NodeJS Frameworks For Developers in 2020

Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform runtime environment built on Chrome’s V8 javascript engine. The event-driven, non-blocking I/O model makes the NodeJS framework an extremely lightweight and efficient web application.

As a developer, one gets to smoothly use the same language for both clientside and serverside scripting and this unique facility has increased the quick adoption of NodeJS frameworks by many developers across the globe in building web applications of any size.

Since it’s been launched in 2009 as a tool for building scalable, server-side web applications it has brought about exponential growth in its usage.

In addition, Node facilitates quick prototyping in building unique projects.

Let’s check out this list of 10 Top NodeJS Frameworks:


Hapi is a powerful and robust framework that is used for developing APIs. The well-developed plugin system and various key features such as input validation, configuration-based functionality, implement caching, error handling, logging, etc. make the Hapi one of the most preferred frameworks. It is used for building useful applications and providing technology solutions by several large-scale websites such as PayPal, Disney.

Hapi builds secure, powerful, scalable applications with minimal overhead and out-of-box functionality

Hapi is a configuration-driven pattern, traditionally modeled to control web server operations. A unique feature it has is the ability to create a server on a specific IP, with features like the ‘onPreHandler’, we can do something with a request before it is completed by intercepting it and doing some pre-processing on the request.


Express.js was built by TJ Holowaychuk, one of the members of the core Node project team. A large community backs this framework, so it has the advantages of continuous updates and reforms of all the core features. This is a minimalist framework that is used to build a number of mobile applications and APIs.

Express is a minimal and flexible Node.JS web application framework providing a robust set of features

It’s robust API allows users to configure routes to send/receive requests between the front-end and the database (acting as a HTTP server framework).

A good advantage with express is how it supports a lot of other packages and other template engines such as Pug, Mustache, EJS and a lot more.

Socket the fastest and reliable real-time engine

It is used for building real-time web applications. It’s a Javascript library that allows the bidirectional data flow between the web client and server. Asynchronous data I/O, binary streaming, instant messaging are some of the most important features of this framework.


Total.js is a modern and modular NodeJS supporting the MVC architecture. Angular.js, Polymer, Backbone.js, Bootstrap and other clientside frameworks are fully compatible with this framework. This framework is totally extensible and asynchronous. The fact that it does not require any tools such as Grunt to compress makes it easy to use. It also has NoSql embedded in it and supports array and other prototypes.

For fast, furious and powerful websites, REST services, real-time applications TotalJS is the best choice

Total.js has some really beautiful versions like the Total.js Eshop, which contains a user interface optimized for mobile devices, and it is downloadable by all premium members. Eshop is one of the best Node.js e-commerce system. This is because of its many versions of unique content management system(CMS).


This MVC framework has become very popular with NodeJS developers and this framework has gained traction through the development of chat applications, dashboards and multiplayer games. It is most famous for building data-driven APIs. It uses waterline for object-related mapping and db solutions. This framework uses Express.js for handling HTTP requests and is built upon Node.js.


Its compatibility with Grunt modules, including LESS, SASS, Stylus, CoffeeScript, Jade, Dust makes it an ideal candidate for browser-based applications.

Sail is highly compatible with several front-end platforms. Developers have enough freedom to their development while implementing this framework.


Derby is a full-stack framework for writing modern web applications

This is an MVC framework that is used for creating real-time mobile and web applications. Derby’s Racer, a real-time data synchronization engine for Node.js allows multi-site, real-time concurrency and data synchronization across clients and servers. The racer optimizes conflict resolution and allows real-time editing of the application by leveraging the ShareJS.

Derby is an open-source framework based on MVC structure and it is a full-stack NodeJS web framework. Derby is considered ideal for developing real-time collective applications. Using DerbyJS , developers can easily add customized codes and build real-time and effective custom made websites.


One of the fundamentally most used NodeJS frameworks is Meteor.JS. And this list would remain incomplete if we didn’t mention the MeteorJS framework. This is a full-stack framework of NodeJS which allows users to build real-time applications.


It is used to create both mobile and web-based javascript applications.

Backed by a huge community of developers, tutorials, custom packages and documentation, this framework is used to create some great web and mobile applications for only Javascript only.


Loopback is a highly-extensible API framework that allows the user to create such APIs that can work with any kind of web client and can be easily bridged to backend sources. This new age modern application comes with complex integration. With Loopback being an open-source framework, the user can create dynamic REST APIs with a minimum or no knowledge of coding.

Highly extensible NodeJS framework for building APIs and microservices

Loopback permits developers to create SDKs and API documentation. This is possible due to widget-API explorer that comes in default with loopback.

Also, it comes with model-relation-support, third party login and storage service, API swagger, better user management policy


Koa was created by the same team that created Express.js and it is often referred to as the next-generation NodeJS framework. Koa is unique in the fact that it uses some really cool ECMAScript(ES6) methods that have not even landed in some browsers yet. It allows you to work without callbacks while providing you with an immense increase in error handling.

It requires a NodeJS version of at least 0.11 or higher.

Next-generation web framework for NodeJS

KoaJS supports syn/await keywords and helps to manage the codes neatly.

Also, it doesn’t pack any bundle of middleware in the core. That makes server writing with Koa faster and enjoyable. KoaJS comes with more options for customization. It allows you to work with applications from scratch where developers can add those features only which they need.


NestJs is a framework built with Node.js, It is used for building efficient, scalable Node.js server-side applications. Nest uses progressive JavaScript and is written with TypeScript. Being built with TypeScript means that Nest comes with strong typing and combines elements of OOP(Object Oriented Programming), FP(Functional Programming) and FRP(Functional Reactive Programming).

NestJS Framework- a progressive NodeJS Framework for building efficient, reliable and scalable server-side applications

Advantages of NodeJS Framework

NodeJS Framework is now emerging as the most commonly used development framework for building frontend and backend for web applications. And it is the most preferred environment for custom web development. Let’s check some of the major advantages of NodeJS Framework:

  • Real-time working environment
  • Simple coding experience
  • Seamless data streaming
  • Same code pattern throughout development
  • User-friendly

Final Analysis

After going through this article, we can certainly understand that the adoption of a particular framework depends totally upon the kind of website and web application we are planning to build. The list is endless but we tried presenting 10 most useful NodeJS Frameworks for you depending on utilization and ubiquity in the javascript community

API Backend Developer

Various Tools Used For API Testing

What Exactly Is An API?

According to Wikipedia,’An application programming interface (API) is an interface or communication protocol between different parts of a computer program intended to simplify the implementation and maintenance of software’.

API stands for Application Programming Interface. An API is a software intermediary that allows smooth communication between two applications.

Aip testing tools

APIs (Application Programming Interfaces), are the connecting layer between different layers of an application. Simply put, it acts as a messenger for applications, devices, and databases.

In addition, APIs are used for programming graphical user interface (GUI) components. A good API makes it easier for the developer to put all blocks together by providing all the building blocks.

The API layer contains the business logic of an application where the user’s interaction with services, data, and functions of the app is determined.

API Testing API-Architecture-image

Since the API or service layer is in direct touch with both data and presentation layer it occupies a fixed space for continuous testing for QA and Developmental teams. 

Applications have three layers:

  1. Data layer
  2. Service (API) layer
  3. Presentation (UI) layer

What is API Testing?

Today, APIs are considered the epicenter of software development, connecting and transferring data and logics across disparate systems and applications. And testing them greatly improves the efficiency of the testing strategy as a whole, delivering faster software.

API Testing
Api Testing

While traditional testing mainly focuses on the UI (User Interface), still it has many advantages to offer in API Testing. API Testing consists of making requests to single or sometimes multiple API endpoints and validate the response for performance, security, functional correctness or status check whereas UI Testing focuses on validating the look and feel of the web interface. Also, API Testing lays greater emphasis on business logic, data responses, and security and performance bottlenecks.

Various Types of API Testing

  • Unit Testing

Testing world is filled with misnomers, and simple and easy way for “unit test” and APIs is testing a single endpoint with a single request, looking for a single response.

Most of the time “Unit Test” is performed manually via command lines like “cURL” command or with lightweight tools like SoapUI.

  • Integration Testing

Integration testing is the most common form of API testing because APIs stay at the centre of integration.

  • End-to-End Testing

End-to-End testing can help us validate the flow of data and information between a few different API connections. 

  • Performance Testing

Earlier load testing was difficult to execute in a CI/CD environment and was performed by a very few. LoadUI Pro is a performance testing tool for RESTful, SOAP, and other web services that enable nearly any team member to embed performance tests into their CI/CD pipeline.

Why API testing is required?

As the changes in software happen at a rapid pace, it becomes important to have tests that provide faster feedback for developers and testers. The major benefit of API testing is flexible access to the application without any user interface. 

Testing the core, code-level functionality of the application provides an early evaluation of its overall build strength before running the GUI tests.

Various API Testing Tools

API Tool Features

Let’s check the list of top API Testing Tools/ Their features, which simplifies the development process:

  1. JMeter
  2. Postman
  3. Rest assured
  4. Citrus Framework
  5. Fiddler
  6. Insomnia
  7. Powershell
  8. Taurus
  9. SoapUI
  10. Karate
  11. KatalonStudio
  12. TestNG
  13. Apiary
  14. Tricentis Tosca
  15. Swagger
  16. Apigee

Various Tools Used For Api Testing :-

1. JMeter

JMeter was created for load testing, and many developers use it for functional API testing. JMeter is a simple yet powerful tool for automated testing where developers can perform performance testing of RESTFul services with the use of JMeter scripting.

Jmeter Tool

Key Features:

  • It can use different languages like Java, JavaScript, and PHP.
  • It is designed to test web applications, as well as it has expanded its base to other test functions.
  • JMeter includes all the functionality you need to test an API, plus some extra features that can enhance your API testing efforts. 
  • It also integrates with Jenkins, which means you can include your API tests in your CI pipelines.

2. Postman

Postman is an open-source, easy to install tool used for building and testing of API. Postman is a good option for exploratory-type API testing and it’s powerful enough to create more integrated solutions as per the need.

API Best tools

Key features:

  • Writing and running tests for every request using JavaScript.
  • During testing API in Postman, the developer gets to choose required HTTP methods like GET, PUT, POST, etc.
  • Store associated endpoints into a collection.

3. REST-Assured

It is the main tool for API Testing. When using Java, REST-Assured is the best choice for API automation. Rest Assured library is a tailor-made API tool for Java domain using people to test and validate REST Services.


REST-Assured is a fluent Java library used to test HTTP-based REST services. It’s designed with testing in mind, and it integrates with any existing Java-based automation framework. 

Key Features:

  • The REST-Assured API was created so that one doesn’t necessarily need to be an HTTP expert.
  • It provides a behavior-driven development (BDD)-like, domain-specific language that makes creating API testing so simple.
  • It also has a bunch of baked-in functionalities, which means one doesn’t have to code things from scratch.

Testing and validating REST services is harder in Java than in other dynamic languages such as Ruby and Groovy, lending simplicity to developers to choose REST-Assured for API Testing.

4. SoapUI

Soap UI is a free, open-source tool used for web services.

Soap Ui

Key Features:

  • SoapUI is a major API testing tool used to test web services.
  • It is commonly used for SOA ( Service Oriented Architecture) Testing.
  • It is sufficient to check both SOAP Web services as well as RESTful Web Services.

5. Karate

Karate is an open-source API test-automation tool that can script call to HTTP end-points and assert JSON or XML responses as expected.


Key Features:

  • API tests are written using BDD Gherkin syntax. But unlike most BDD frameworks (Cucumber, JBehave, SpecFlow), you don’t need to write step definitions.
  • It is easy to use since no Java knowledge is required, if you are a novice to programming its a great blessing.

6. Fiddler

Fiddler allows the developer to monitor, manipulate, and reuse HTTP requests.


Key Features:

  • It helps you debug web applications by capturing network traffic between the Internet and test computers.
  • It enables you to inspect incoming and outgoing data to monitor and modify requests and responses before the browser receives them.

7. Citrus Framework

Citrus is an open-source tool that can help to automate integration tests for any messaging protocol or data format.

Citrus Api tool

Key Features:

  • Works with REST, SOAP, HTTP, JMS, TCP/IP, and other.
  • Creates tests using Java or XML.
  • If you plan testing headless technologies beyond REST services, Citrus is the tool for you.
  •  It’s made to handle any headless protocol, giving you an excellent solution for all your non-UI testing needs. 

8. PowerShell

 Powershell is super-efficient at automating many things from the command line.

Microsofts’s Powershell

Key Features:

  • It requires only one line of code to import web services description language.
  • It is a factory installed on all windows machines.
  • It is easy to learn and very fast as it runs from the command line without any UI overhead.

9. Insomnia

It’s a free and easy to use tool possessing a visually attractive interface.

Insomnia pai tool image
Insomnia Api Tool

Major benefits of Insomnia are:

  • It allows creating HTTP requests
  • It allows viewing response details
  • It organizes your tests
  • It reuses values
  • It generates code snippets 

10. Taurus

Taurus is an automation-friendly framework for continuous testing. Also, one can use it with JMeter.

The power of Taurus is that it allows the developer to write their tests in YAML. One can actually describe a full-blown script in about 10 lines of text, which provides the developer the ability to describe their tests in a YAML or JSON file.

API Tool Taurus

Key features:

  • Taurus allows more members to contribute to AI testing. Since test cases are written in YAML, the tests in Taurus are much more readable which makes it easier to perform code reviews on.
  • Taurus fits performance testing in your CI/CD pipeline more efficiently.
  • Taurus provides a sort of abstraction layer on top of JMeter.

Taurus is great to use when the developer wants to take a more BDD-testing approach to their API testing efforts and using YAML files provides clear, easy-to-read tests.

11. Katalon Studio

Katalon Studio is considered the best automation testing tool for Web, API, and Mobile. It is often viewed as one of the best emerging testing tools.

Katlon Tools in API

Key features:

  • End-to-end testing solution for testers and developers
  • Supports all kind of SOAP, REST requests
  • Works with a framework such as BDD Cucumber. It’s a testing approach in which the written test cases are in natural languages helps the conveyance between business stakeholders and technical human resources.
  • Built-in integrations with Jenkins, JIRA, Slack, Docker, and qTest
  • Efficiently utilize Katalon UI/UX features like searching, drag & drop, built-in keywords, selecting test cases

12. TestNG

TestNG is inspired from JUnit and NUnit for Java language. The best feature of TestNG is to provide easy to use functionalities and fulfill all types of testing requirements like unit, integration, functional testing etc.

API tools

Key Features:

  • If TestNG is used with Selenium, one can create a prompt report where we c get to know how many test cases were unsuccessful, progressed, and bounced.
  • Easily integrate with DevOps tools like Maven, Jenkins, Docker, etc.
  • Create data-driven tests using TestNG.

13. Swagger

Swagger tools are both open source and pro and are helping millions of developers & testers to deliver great API.

API Swagger Framework

Key Features:

  • Inspector is easy to design, document and test API through swagger.
  • One can test APIs on the cloud.
  • Support all types of services like REST, SOAP.
  • SwaggerHub is the platform where one can design and document with OpenAPI.

 14. Tricentis Tosca

Tricentis Tosca is a customized continuous testing tool for DevOps platforms as some of the leading tools failed to meet in the DevOps environments.

Tricentis Tosca
Tricentis Tosca

Key Features:

  • A beginner also can understand the Tosca tool and can instantly create advance API tests from a business perspective and then integrate them into throughout all scenarios.
  • Tricentis Tosca is suitable for continuous testing & automation test for mobile-based, web-based, UI, SAP, etc.

15. Apiary

Apiary is a complete API platform where we can design, build, develop, and document API.

API Tools

Key Features:

  • It provides a framework to develop, test, and implement production-ready API, faster.
  • To create an API, we need to define a schema for input and the output whereas, in Apiary API can be designed with mocked input and output.

This mocked API meet application specifications without any change in coding, while data can be integrated and tested.

16. MuleSoft API

Mulesoft aka AnyPoint API Manager, is a platform where developers can build, design, manage, and publish APIs.

best API Tool

Key Features:

  • It offers organizations to integrate with popular cloud services such as Salesforce, SAP, and many more.
  • The AnyPoint platform uses Mule as a run time engine.
  • API Manager assures each API is secure and in simple terms is full lifecycle API management.

17. Apigee

 Apigee by Google Cloud enables API managers to design, secure, publish, analyze, monitor, and monetize APIs.

API Testing framework

Key Features:

  • It can be operated in a hybrid-cloud environment to perform digital acceleration.
  • Apigee edge creates API proxies, using these; one can get real analytics data.
  • Proxies created by Apigee edge manages security and authentication to give better services.


  1. Each organization has different requirements and they deploy different tools as per the requirement of that project. 
  2. There is no such thing as the perfect tool.
  3. All API test tools work superbly well and are great options, depending on your team’s requirements.
  4. The role of APIs is extremely important if analyzed from software development and business angle.
  5. These machine-readable interfaces for resource exchange are delivery services that work under the hood and enable the needed technological connection.
  6. There is the same functionality accessible in all API tools, but the approach for each tool differs. The best way to experience their complete features is to give it a try to see what is best suitable for your business requirement.