Categories
Business Career Development UX

Make 88% more than average American with these Skills

People wants to aquire new skills to make some extra dollars. According to a study by CNBC, an average American is making $876 per week and $45,552 per year. But that also depends on your age. And, that rises and falls depending on how close you are to peak earning age, typically around 49 years of age for men and 40 years for women.

Yes, you heard it right, the earning age and the amount of money a woman and a man get is different.

The skills that we will need to survive in todays indrustery are demanding. But there are some skills that will always be relevant and necessary at the same time. How can we best clear the world around us and identify the skills that we need to cultivate?

There are some money-making skills which will help you to make more money. It is a kind of passive income that would kick start your side business and will help you to make some extra dollars.

There are digital skills that not only help you earn more money but it will help you in expanding your skillset that will be beneficial to leverage them for a raise in office and outside the office too. These skills can open up new opportunities to profitable freelance work even if you are new to this business.

Artificial Intelligence

If you’re willing to put in the hours and work, the most exciting thing to do is to build an AI-centred skill set. More and more companies are looking in data analysis and user experience to implement AI solutions. According to Forbes, the number of active AI start-ups has increased 14 times since 2000, venture capitalist investment in AI has increased 6 times, and the job market for AI programmers has grown 4.5 times since 2013. Moreover, Artificial intelligence is the trending topic in almost every business and if any person who is willing to work hard can earn a good chunk of money.

There are some major skills that developers can learn and make money out of it.

  • Machine learning
  • Python
  • Java
  • Data science
  • R programming language

The average salary that a developer can get with these skills is $121000.

And a freelancer can get $61-80K.

Side hustling always Pay-off in the long run

Great thing about a side hustle is that before you have enough work to support yourself, you can develop a customer base without losing your day job. Or, as needed, you can use your side hustle to earn extra cash out of work. Let’s say you’d like to get into the marketing content. Find a side hustle holding the blog or social media accounts of a company. Or start ghost-writing other professionals ‘ eBooks.

Or perhaps you’re a web programmer. Develop consumer websites in specific industries. It can be a perfect way to bridge the gap and give yourself a competitive advantage by incorporating this into your day job. For example, if you’re working day after day as a restaurant manager, you might be specializing in designing restaurant websites because you understand how that business works.

Cloud Computing

As more companies switch from traditional server configurations to more flexible and dynamic cloud-based solutions, the demand for specialists in cloud computing is rising. Much of this demand is driven by companies that require Amazon Web Services (AWS) IT professionals. AWS is currently the largest network of cloud computing solutions. With customers like Netflix, Unilever, McDonald’s, and GE Oil & Gas, it boasts the largest market share— with over one million active users registered with it. An AWS certification will provide you with an average annual income of $123,000.

There are some skills that come under the head of cloud computing that will enable you to make more money.

  • Linux
  • Database Skills
  • Programming skills
  • DevOps
  • Information Security

An average person who knows these skills can make  $123000.

And a freelancer can get $104 per hour.

E-commerce Analyst

Facebook ads, Instagram ads, Google AdSense are used to run the campaign. And do you always wonder that sometimes you are thinking about some product and all of a sudden that product pops up on your screen and you think how does this happen?

So, these all are because of ads that show things based on your interest. Lately, Shopify has been the most famous platform for e-commerce. So, if you also want to make some more dollars than you can also try your hands on it. An average American who is an e-commerce analyst or who knows how things work can make $60, 958.

UX/UI Design

How appealing would you look with full-stacked skills to sell and extensive web development experience in a room full of people who can either build a stunning website or do fantastic backend programming?

Learning how to do UI will increase your job potential for those of you who are already earning good money as UX developers. And now start learning UX for our UI comrades here. It’s not that easy to learn, but it never gives the top dollar easily.

There are separate skills for both UX and UI that can be learned if one wants to make money.

For UX:

  • HTML
  • Java
  • CSS
  • Database
  • Algorithm
  • Statistics

For UI:

  • Product Design
  • Interface Design
  • Photoshop
  • Animation
  • Prototyping

Art of technical writing

The fact that the entire internet is developing at a rapid rate gives many people a sense of fear that new developments will leave them behind. And that’s a fair concern. What holds this concern at bay is professional writing. Not only do you know first-hand about these innovations, as continuous work is part of technical writing, but you also add additional skills of tech writing to your portfolio.

Technical writing is reporting and blogging about new ideas, goods, technologies, and other news from the tech world that the industry is looking for. The purpose of technical writing is primarily to provide those who are looking for information and instructions. Besides the tech industry, medicine, law, engineering, and other fields of science use technical writing to share information. Not everyone can write well, as you probably know, and not everyone who writes well can do technical writing.

If you have a touch of writing flair, it will add a lot of cash to your bank account by writing technical documents. Because technical writing is not everyone’s cup of tea, those who are already in high demand, make sure you tap into this vibrant market and get your fair share of it.

Not only good writing skills you also need some other skills that would work as a cherry on top of the cake.

  • Data presentation
  • Ability to write concisely
  • Analytical skills
  • Data skills and formatting
  • Research

A person who knows all these skills can easily make $59217.

And a freelancer can get $30-$60 hourly.

Visualizing Data

A specialist in data visualization is able to predict trends, identify patterns, identify main variables, and direct business strategies. This especially includes converting data into spreadsheets and spreadsheets into charts and graphs. This particular niche is expected to grow exponentially with the tech industry looking for more and more data-centered roles.

The skills that come under this head which a person has to learn to make more money includes

  • MS Excel
  • Python or R
  • Statistical presentation

A person can make around $77000

And a freelancer can get $20-$200 hourly.

Wrapping Up

There is a saying if you want to earn more than you have to learn more. if you are willing to put those extra hours in your skills then you will be ahead of half of the people and can earn a good amount of money. You should make strategies so that you can have a productive time in learning all these skills.

Now sit down with all this information and come up with a strategy for your thriving web development career’s next step. We hope you have been enticed by one or some of these exciting skills to start thinking seriously about them.

Moreover, the title of this article is suggesting that if you want more money than 88% of the American population then you have to do what that 88% are not doing. that is working on the skills and enjoy the ride.

Categories
Backend Developer Career Development Frontend Developers Programming

Top 35 interview questions on JQuery

jquery-interview-questions

We have listed down some of the most frequently asked Interview questions of JQuery. These questions curated by the experts so that you don’t have to go anywhere. Here we will bestow the in-depth knowledge about JQuery so that you can bag down your dream job.

1. Define JQuery?

Answer. JQuery was first released on August 26, 2006, and it is free and open-source software using permissive MIT license. JQuery’s syntax is designed to make it easier to navigate a document, select DOM elements, create animations, handle events, and develop Ajax applications. JQuery also provides developers with the ability to create JavaScript plug-ins.

2. What are the advantages of JQuery?

Answer.

  • It’s like an enhanced JavaScript version, so learning a new syntax has no overhead.
  • It gives hundreds of plug-ins for everything.
  • JQuery has cross-browser support.
  • This would eliminate the need to write complex loops and library calls for DOM scripting.
  • JQuery is capable of keeping the code short, easy to read, straightforward and reusable.

3. Name the methods that provide effects to JQuery?

Answer.

  • Fade In ()
  • Fade out ()
  • Show ()
  • Hide ()
  • Toggle ()

4. What is the difference between the ID selector and class Selector in JQuery?

Answer. If you’ve used CSS, you might know the difference between the ID and the class selector, jQuery is the same. ID selector uses ID for selecting elements, e.g. #element1, while class selector uses CSS for selecting items. When selecting just one element, use the ID selector while selecting a group of elements with the same CSS class as using the class selector. The interviewer is likely to ask you to write code using the ID and class selector. From the point of view of syntax, as you can see, another difference is that the former uses “#” and later uses.” “character.

5. What do you mean by booking?

Answer. If more than one selector shares the same statement, they can be grouped together through a comma-separated list; this enables you to reduce the size of the CSS (every bit and byte is important) and make it more readable. The following snippet applies the same background to the h1, h2, h3 {background: blue;}.

6. Name the compatible operating system with JQuery?

  • Windows
  • Mac
  • Linux

7. How you can read, write and delete cookies in Jquery?

Answer. Using the Dough cookie plugin, we can handle jquery cookies. Dough is user-friendly and features powerful.

  • Create cookie:
$. dough(“cookie_name”, “cookie_value”);
  • Read Cookie:
$. dough(“cookie_name”);
  • Delete cookie:
$. dough(“cookie_name”, “remove”);

8. What do you mean by JQuery connect? And also tell how to use it?

Answer.  A jQuery connect is a plugin for connecting or binding a function to another function. Connect is used from any other function or plugin to perform a function. Through downloading the jQuery link file from jQuery official website, it can be used to include that file in the HTML document. To connect one function to another, you need to use $. connect.

9. Is there any program for testing JQuery? If yes, name it?

Answer.  Yes, there is a program for testing JQuery. QUnit is used to test jQuery and it is very easy and efficient.

10. What do you mean by Jquery UI?

Answer. JQuery UI is a set of jQuery JavaScript Library user interactions, effects, widgets, and themes. JQuery UI works well for highly interactive web applications with a variety of controls or simple date picker pages.

11. What is the use of the HTML() method in JQuery?

Answer. The method jQuery HTML() is used to change the selected elements ‘ entire content. It replaces the content of the selected component with new content.

$(document).ready(function(){
$(“button”).click(function(){
$(“p”).html(“Hello <b>Codersera</b>”);
});
});

12. What is the use of Jquery.each () function?

Answer. The function “jQuery.each()” is a general function that loops through a set (a type of entity or type of array). The index position and value of array-like objects with a length property are iterated. Certain objects are iterated on the properties of their primary value.

Nevertheless, the function “jQuery.each()” works differently from the function $(selector).each() that uses the selector to operate on the DOM component. But both iterate about an element of jQuery.

Syntax:

<jQuery.each(collection, callback(indexInArray, valueOfElement))
< script type = "text/javascript" >
 $(document).ready(function() {
var arr = ["Mary", "John", "Garry", "Tina", "Daisy"];
$.each(arr, function(index, value) {
alert('Position is : ' + index + ' And Value is : ' + value);
});
}); < /script> 

13. How can you debug JQuery?

Answer. There can be two ways to debug JQuery:-

  • Add the debugger to the line from which to debug and run Visual Studio with the F5 function key in debug mode.
  • Insert a breakpoint after attaching the process.

14. Can Jquery be replaceable with JavaScript?

Answer. NO, JQuery is not a replacement for JavaScript.

15. Differentiate between prop and attr?

Answer. JQuery. prop() – It gets a property value in the matched element set for the first element.

JQuery. Attr()– In the matched element set, it gets the value of an attribute for the first element.

Attributes contain additional HTML element information and come in pairs of name=”value”. You can set and specify an attribute for an HTML element when the source code is published.

 For Eg -<input id="txtBox" value="Jquery" type="text" readonly="readonly" /> 

Here, “id”, “type” and “value” are attributes of the input elements.

jquery data atribute

16. Differentiate between $(this) and this keyword in jQuery?

Answer. For many jQuery beginners, it might be a tricky question, but it’s actually the easiest one. $(this) returns a jQuery object, where you can call several jQuery methods, e.g. text() retrieve text, Val() to retrieve the value, etc., while this is the current component, and it is one of the JavaScript keywords to denote the current DOM element in the background. You can’t call this jQuery process until it’s wrapped up $() function i.e. $(this).

17. Where JQuery can be used?

Answer.

  • Manipulation Process
  • Basically for animation purpose
  • Calling functions on events
  • Apply CSS static or dynamic.

18. Differentiate between find and children methods?

Answer. The find() method is used to locate all the descending elements of the selected element and the children() method is used to find all the elements connected to the selected element.

19. Can you write a command that gives the version to JQuery?

Answer. The command $.ui.version returns jQuery UI version.

20. Can you explain bind() vs live() vs delegate() methods in JQuery?

Answer. The bind() method does not attach events to those elements that are added after loading DOM, whereas live() and delegate() methods often attach events to future elements.

The difference between live() and delegate ()methods is that chaining does not work with the live() function. It will only operate on a selector or element while the chaining method of the delegate() can work.

21. Differentiate between Map and Grep function in Jquery?

Answer. In $.map(), each element in an array must be looped and its value changed while the

$.Grep() method returns the filtered array using some filter condition from an existing array. Map()’s fundamental structure is:

1 $.map ( array, callback(elementOfArray, indexInArray) )

Syntax for $.Grep():

1 jQuery $.grep() Method

22. What are JQuery plugins?

Answer. Plugins are a code piece. The jQuery plugin is a code written in a JavaScript standard file. These JavaScript files provide useful methods for jQuery which can be used in combination with methods for the jQuery library. Every form that you use in plugins must end up with a semicolon “;”. Unless otherwise explicitly noted, the method must return an object. This way it produces clean, stable software. You will prefix the filename with jQuery, follow it with the plugin’s name and finish with.js

23. Jquery is a client or server scripting library?

Answer. Client-side Scripting

24. Which sign is used as a shortcut for Jquery?

AnswerDollar($) sign Is used as a shortcut for Jquery.

25. Name two types of CDN?

Microsoft – Load JQuery from Ajax CDN

Google – Load JQuery from Google libraries API

26. What is the use of the JQuery filter?

Answer. The JQuery filter is used based on the criteria to delete those values from the list of items. An example is to filter some products from a cart website’s master list of products.

27. Define the use of JQuery.data() method?

Answer. To connect data with DOM nodes and JavaScript objects, the JQuery data method is used.

28. Define the use of the serialize () method in Jquery?

Answer. The JQuery serialize() method is used to create a text string in standard URL-encoded notation. It serializes the form values so that its serialized values can be used in the URL query string while making an AJAX request.

$(document).ready(function(){
$("button").click(function(){
$("div").text($("form").serialize());
  });
});

29. Differentiate between $(window).load and $(document).ready function in jQuery?

Answer. $(window).load is an event that fires when the page’s full loading of the DOM and other content. After the ready case, this event will be set.

In most cases, as soon as the DOM is fully loaded, the script can be executed. Normally the ready) (is the best place to write your JavaScript code. But there might be some situation wherein the load) (the method you might need to write scripts. For instance, to get an image’s actual width and height.

Once the DOM and all the CSS, images and frames are fully loaded, the $(window). load event will be released.

30. Differentiate between Jquery.size() and Jquery.length?

Answer. The function jQuery.size() gives the maximum number of elements in the set. But the method size() is not favoured because the property jQuery has.length. It does the same thing but it doesn’t have the overhead of a function call for the.length property.

31. What is the use of param() method in Jquery?

Answer. The param() method in jQuery is used to create a serialized representation of an object.

32.  Differentiate between onload() and document.ready()?

Answer. We can only have one onload feature on a page, but we can have more than one file. When DOM is loaded, Document.ready is called, but when DOM and images are loaded on the screen, the onload function is called.

33. Which is the fastest selector in JQuery?

Answer. ID and Element are the fastest selectors in JQuery.

34. What is the slowest selector in JQuery?

Answer. Class selectors are the slowest selector in JQuery.

35. Name the types of selectors in JQuery?

Answer.

  • CSS Selector
  • XPath Selector
  • Custom Selector
Categories
Career Development Programming Python

Top 30 Python Interview Questions 2019

Here we bring you some top questions that can be asked during the Python interview. If you are preparing for an interview in 2019-2020, then it is a great chance that you might be get selected if you read all these questions and Answers.

1. What do you mean by python?

Answer:  Python is a general-purpose and high- level programming language that was designed by Guido Van Rossum ( a Dutch programmer known as the best author for python language) in 1991. It has an object-oriented strategy that aims to help the programmers write clear and logical codes for various projects. It is generally used in software development, System Scripting, Mathematics, Web development, etc.

2. What is PEP 8 in Python?

Answer: PEP 8 is described as a document that assists us in providing guidance on how to write the Python code. Guido van Rossum, Barry Warsaw, and Nick Coghlan published it in 2001.

It stands for the Python Enhancement Proposal, and its main task is to improve Python code readability and reliability.

3. Explain Dynamic typed Language?

Answer: We must think about what typing is before we know what a dynamically typed language is. Typing refers to programming language type checking. “1” + 2 would result in a type error in a strongly typed language such as Python, as these languages do not permit “type-coercion” (implicit conversion of data types). On the other hand, a language that is weakly typed, like Javascript, will be simple.

Type verification can be done in two stages

Static– Data types are checked prior to execution.

Dynamic– Data types during execution are tested.

Since Python is an interpreted language, each statement line by line is executed and therefore type-checking is done on the fly during execution. Therefore, Python is a language that is dynamically typed.

4. Explain Scope in Python?

Answer: Every Python object works within a Scope. A scope is a block of code that remains relevant to an object in Python. Namespaces define all objects within a program in a unique way. Such namespaces, however, also have a fixed scope for them to use their objects without any prefix. The following are a few examples of the context generated in Python during code execution:

  • A local Scope is defined as local objects present in the current function
  • A module-level Scope is defined as global objects of current function accessible in the program.
  • A global Scope is defined as the objects that are accessible since the execution of this program.
  • An Outermost scope is defined as the objects that are searched last to find the name referenced. And it includes all the built-in names that are callable in the program

5. What do you mean by [::-1] in python?

Answer: [: -1 ] is used to reverse the array or sequence order.

For instance:

import array as arr
My_Array=arr.array('i',[1,2,3,4,5])
print(My_Array[::-1])

Output: array(‘i’, [5, 4, 3, 2, 1])

6. Define the negative indexes and why are they used?

Answer: The Python sequences are indexed and consist of both positive and negative numbers. The positive numbers include ‘ 0 ‘ which is used as the first index and ‘ 1 ‘ as the second index, and this is how the process goes on.

The negative number index ends with ‘-1‘ being the last index in the sequence and ‘-2’ as the penultimate index and the series carries forward as the positive number.

The negative index is also used to denote the index to be represented in the right order.

7. Differentiate between xrange and range in Python?

Answer: The functionality of xrange() and range() is quite different. both generate an integers string, with the only difference being that range returns a Python array, while xrange() returns an xrange() object.

So, does it make any difference? It definitely does, since xrange() does not produce a static list unlike range(), it generates the value on the go. Typically, this technique is used with an object type generator and known as ‘Yielding’.

In systems where memory is a constraint, yielding is necessary. In such conditions, constructing a static list as in range() can result in a Memory Error, while xrange() can handle it optimally by using just enough generator memory (significantly less compared to the generator).

xrange() can be illustrated with python2 and not with python3.

 Let’s look at an example:

for i in xrange(10):    # numbers from o to 9
    print (i)       # output => 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

for i in xrange(1,10):    # numbers from 1 to 9
    print (i)       # output => 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

for i in xrange(1, 10, 2):    # skip by two for next
    print (i)       # output => 1 3 5 7 9

8. Define the use of the break statement?

Answer: We will understand this with the help of a flow chart

even = [2,4,6,8,10,11,12,14]  
odd = 0  
for val in even:  
    if val%2!=0:  
        odd = val  
        break
    print(val)
  
print("Odd value found ",odd)  

Output:

2

4

6

8

10

Odd value found 11

9. What is the use of Split in python?

Answer: This is used to separate a given string in the python.

For example :

a= “Codersera python”
print(a.spilt())

OUTPUT : [‘Codersera’ , ‘python’]

10. What is Encapsulation?

Answer: Encapsulation means that the code and the data are bound together. A Python class is an example of encapsulation.

11. Define data abstraction?

Answer: Data Abstraction contains only the necessary details and hides the world’s implementation. It can be attained by using interfaces and abstract classes in python too.

12. Explain Python decorator?

Answer: Decorators are very powerful and useful tools in Python that allow programmers to change the behavior of any class or function. It allows us to wrap up another function in order to extend the behavior of the wrapped function without permanently modifying it.

Basically, a decorator takes in a function, adds some functionality and returns it.

 Example 

def make_pretty(func):
    def inner():
        print("I got decorated")
        func()
    return inner

def ordinary():
    print("I am ordinary")

13. Define namespaces in python?

Answer: A Namespace is defined as a system that is used to control the names in a program. This avoids the duplication and leads to the uniqueness of names in a program.

A namespace is a basic idea for structuring and organizing software that is more useful in large projects. However, if you are new to programming, it could be a bit difficult concept to grasp. Therefore, we tried to make namespaces a little easier to understand.

14. Define Slicing in Python?

Answer: Slicing is a method used to pick a range of items such as array, tuple, and string from the sequence type. Using slice way, it’s helpful and simple to get elements from a set. It requires a: (colon) separating the field index start and end.

All the List or tuple forms of data collection allow us to use slicing to collect items. While we can obtain elements by defining an index, we only obtain a single element, whereas we can obtain a collection of elements by slicing.

15. What is PHYTHONPATH?

Answer: PYTHONPATH is a variable environment that can be configured to add additional directories where Python is looking for modules and packages. This is especially useful in keeping Python libraries that you don’t want to download in the default global place.

16. Define docstring in Python?

Answer: Documentation string or docstring is a multiline string that is used to document a particular segment of code.

The docstring must explain the work of method and function.

17. What does len() do?

Answer: ‘len()’ is used to measure the length of a string, an array a list, etc.

For example:

stg='ABCD'
len(stg)

18. Name the built-in types of python?

Answer:

  • Boolean
  • Built-in function
  • Integers
  • Floating point
  • Strings
  • Complex numbers

19. What do you mean by ‘pass’ in python?

Answer: Pass defines an operation-free Python expression. In a complex phrase, it’s a placeholder. This code allows transferring the control without error if we want to create an empty class or function.

For example:

mutex = True
if (mutex == True) : 
    pass
else : 
    print("False") 

20. Define the use of help() and dir() function?

Answer: The functions Help() and dir() are accessible from the Python interpreter and are used to view a compiled function dump.

Help() function: The help() function is used to view the documentation string and also helps us to see the file, keyword, and attribute-related support.

Dir() function: to show the specified symbols, the dir() function is used.

21. What do you mean by Iterators in python?

Answer: In python, Iterators, like a list, is used to iterate a set of elements. Iterator is a process of collection of objects, and that can be a list, a tuple, or a dictionary. To iterate the stored elements, Python iterator implements _itr_  and the next() method. We normally use loops in Python to iterate over the collections (list, tuple).

22. How you can create a Unicode string in python?

Answer. In Python 3, the old Unicode type has replaced by “str” type, and the string is treated as Unicode by default. We can make a string in Unicode by using art.title.encode (“utf-8”) function.

23. Define the Functions in python?

Answer: A Function is a block of code that is executed only when it is called. The def keyword is used to define the Python function.

For example

def Newfunc():
print("Hi, Welcome to Codersera”)
Newfunc(); #calling the function

Output: Hi, Welcome to Codersera.

24. Differentiate between pickling and unpickling in python?

Answer: Pickle module accepts and transforms any Python object into a string representation and dumps it into a file using the dump function, this process is called pickling. While the method of retrieving original Python objects from the stored string representation is called unpickling.

25. Define generators?

Answer: Generators are functions that return an iterable array of items.

26. How to Capitalize the first letter of string?

Answer: The capitalize() method in Python capitalizes a string’s first character. If at the end of the string is already a capital letter, then it returns the initial string.

27. Differentiate between python 2.0 and python 3.0?

Answer: Python 2.x is Python’s older version. The new and updated version of Python 3.x. Python 2.x is now heritage. Python 3.x is the language’s present and future.

The Print statement (function) is the most visible difference between Python2 and Python3. It looks like “Hello” in Python 2, and it’s written in Python 3 (“Hello”).

String in Python2 is ASCII implicitly, and in Python3 it is Unicode.

28. What is the output of [‘!!Welcome!!’]*2?

Answer: The output would be [‘!!Welcome!! ‘, ‘!!Welcome!!’]

29. How to write comments in Python?

Answer: Comments start with a # character in Python. Additionally, however, comments are sometimes made using docstrings (strings enclosed in triple quotes).

#Comments in Python start like this
print("Comments in Python start with a #")

Output:  Comments in Python start with a #

30. How will you import modules in Python?

Answer: Modules would be imported with import keyword. Let us look at the coding

import array           #importing using the original module name
import array as arr    # importing using an alias name
from array import *    #imports everything present in the array  module

Read about this also https://codersera.com/blog/24-git-interview-questions-for-developers/

Categories
Business Career

Highest Paying Skills For Individuals In 2020.

Wondering what could be the highest paying skills for individuals in 2020? This article compiles the various in-demand skills that are gaining momentum for the foreseeable future. The contemporary market is evolving and maturing quickly. With this ever-changing environment, the job-seekers should upgrade their skills continuously.

The designations such as Data Scientist, Data Analyst, Developer, Designer, IT security Manager and the like are among the exceptionally well-paying job roles and their value in marketing is expanding each day.

What are the highest paying skills?

Every industry whether it is e-commerce, healthcare, IT sector, startups(tech or non-tech), needs to coordinate and execute security policies, record and analyze the data, develop pc and mobile applications, and the like.

So it is evident that occupations demanding technology professionals acquiring a fine set of skills and aptitudes are going to dominate the market in 2020.

Devin Fidler, research director at “Institute for the future” says “There are some overarching shifts poised to change the nature of work itself over the next decade.”

Labor force projection 2020 published by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, predicts that there will be an increment of 20.5 million jobs by 2020. The report predicts that only a few profiles will grow more than 50% of the total in 2020. These profiles majorly incorporate the Information Technology domain.

Here’s a look at some of the highest-paying jobs according to Robert Half Technology’s 2020 Salary Guide (not necessarily in a specific order)

1. Big Data Engineer 

Owing to the fact that data is tremendously growing at the rate of 40-60% per year, the individuals possessing the skill to regenerate large amounts of raw data into valuable information for strategical analysis, decision making, and technological advancement are in huge demand by Business Firms and modern industry. Data Engineers are liable for designing the company’s software and hardware architecture required by people with big data. To be a big data engineer, the usual requirements are a degree in Computer Science, a high-grade command in Mathematics and Databases.

Besides, organizations hiring Data Engineers also look for following supplementary skills:

  • Understanding of SQL and Python
  • Proficiency in cloud platforms
  • Knowledge of Java etc.

2. Mobile Applications Developer

mobile-app-developer

Remember the time when parents kept nagging their kids for unreasonable usage of mobile phones like playing games for hours. And then proceeds the same old dialogue ‘it’s not good for the eyes’. The good news is, all the mobile geeks amongst you have a great career option out there. Owing to the increase in the number of mobile users, mobile application developers are invariably in demand. IT firms constantly require application development specialists to design and develop various apps that provide products solutions on platforms like IOS and Android. To be a Mobile application developer one must have experience

Top skills employers seek in a mobile application developer are:

  • Computer Science degree or equivalent
  • Cross-platform development
  • UX/UI Design
  • Programming languages and mobile computing
  • Agile methodologies experience

3. Information Systems Security Manager 

information-security-manager

Information systems security managers (or IT security managers) are accountable for regulating and administering security policies and standards to enhance the dependability and protection of IT projects. They control expected security threats and deal with the consequence of any violations or breaches.

ISS Managers also directs staff schedule and budget, controls backup and security systems, assess, test, and select new security products and technologies, data recovery, employee training, leads vulnerability audits, forensic investigations, and mitigation procedures, etc.

The applicants are expected to possess the following skills:

  • A Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, or a related technical field
  • Prior work experience in information security
  • Security concepts related to DNS, routing, authentication, VPN, proxy services, DDOS mitigation technologies
  • Network security architecture and development and definition
  • Firewall and intrusion detection/prevention protocols
  • Familiarity with the third-party auditing and cloud risk management
  • Analytical, communication and Decision-Making Skills.
  • Programming language like C, C++, C#, java, VMware, Windows, Linux, Oracle, Solaris, Cico, Active Directory, etc.
  • Certifications such as Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) or CompTIA Security.

4. Application Architect 

Application Architect or Software Architects are liable for designing and analyzing the on-going software projects, usually working within a scope of one application (system). Applications architect are also responsible for monitoring the whole system, understanding all interactions within components on a given level of abstraction, and for defining limitations and requirements for source code.

Application Architects earn an average salary of $141,750.

Requirements:

Application architect needs to be a detail-oriented team player who can consistently contribute valuable insights, suggestions and relevant solutions in areas of software development, its use, and maintenance. Exceptional communication and strategic planning skills are also required for this job. As every company requires to augment current applications or develop new ones, the application architect career option has a promising future. It’s one of the highest-paying IT jobs.

Technical skills required for this job profile is:

  • Math and science skills
  • Critical thinking
  • Creative problem solving
  • Software skill-set such as AJAX, C#, C++, and LAMP
  • Expertise in design and object-oriented design
  • Analytical and problem-solving skills.

5. Data Architect 

According to Wikipedia “A data architect is a practitioner of data architecture, a data management discipline concerned with designing, creating, deploying and managing an organization’s data architecture”.Data architects and data modelers work with companies and clients attempting to make sense of the operational and processing data they collect. The Data architect determines what information to collect, while the data modelers focus on how to organize the data.

A Data Architect builds complex computer database systems for companies, either for the general public or for individual companies. They work with a team that looks at the needs of the database, the data that is available and creates a blueprint for creating, testing and maintaining that database. They translate business requirements into database solutions and supervise data storage (data centers). The security of the organized data is also a part of the Data Architect job role.

The employer seeks the following skills:

  • Bachelor’s degree in computer science
  • Applied math and statistics
  • Data visualization and data migration
  • RDBMSs (relational database management systems) or foundational database skills
  • Database management system software, especially Microsoft SQL Server
  • Practical knowledge of database languages, the most common of which is SQL.
  • Databases such as NoSQL and cloud computing.

6. Database Manager 


Database Manager upgrades hardware and software by assessing transaction processing and database production options and is responsible for maintaining database performance by troubleshooting problems. The data Manager undertakes platform up-gradation and enhancements by supervising system programming. In the current scenario, Database managers are specifically needed in huge organizations dealing with bulky data. A DB manager must possess strong leadership and strategic planning skills.

The skills employers seek in a Database manager are as follows:

  • Bachelor’s or master’s degree
  • Experience working with a database such as Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server or IBM DB2.
  • Strong analytical and organizational skills.
  • An eye for detail and accuracy.
  • Ability to understand business needs.
  • Strong leadership skills.
  • Understanding of structured query language (SQL

data science

7. Data Security Analyst 

A data security analyst or information security analyst is accountable for protecting the organization’s data from external attacks. Any organization which deals in big data or data-driven industries such as consulting, computer systems design, and financial services needs a Data Security Analyst.

The skills required to become a Data Security Analyst are:

  • Bachelor’s degree in computer science, software engineering, information assurance, or a related field
  • Thorough understanding of computer and network security
  • Firewall administration, encryption technologies, and network protocols
  • Excellent communication and problem-solving skills
  • Up to date with the latest trends in security and government regulations

However, many companies prefer candidates who hold a master’s degree in business administration in information systems.

8. Software Engineer 

Devops, Business, Process Improvement

The average salary for software engineers is $125,750.

Software engineers are responsible for designing and creating engineering specs for both applications and software, which makes them in-demand in the current and future markets.

The skills required to become a software engineer are:

  • Bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related area
  • Information system, maths, and engineering knowledge
  • Specific programming language knowledge
  • Software development, design, and debugging
  • Object-oriented design (OOD)
  • Problem-solving and logical thinking
  • Written and verbal communication
  • Teamwork and management

9. Wireless Network/Cloud Engineer 

With everything operating wireless these days such as wireless offices and mobile application development, the demand for wireless network/cloud engineers is increasing like never before. Wireless Network/Cloud Engineers are experts in diverse aspects of Network Technology and possess analytical and problem-solving skills for better career growth in this industry.

The additional skills required for this job profile include:

  • Certification like the Certified Wireless Network Professional (CWNP).
  • Academic background in wireless equipment and standards and WLAC.

10. Data Scientist 

Excellent communication skills, statistical and mathematical expertise are required to earn a midpoint salary of $125,250.

Knowledge of programming languages such as Python or Java is also sometimes necessary for the job as well. As one of the top tech jobs with the best career opportunities, data scientists have become one of the most demanding jobs across industries.

Skills required to be a Data Scientist are:

Among all the above profiles Data Scientist does hold a good prospect to be in the highest paying skills in 2020. Data Scientists use their knowledge of statistics and modeling to make sense of complicated data from a variety of sources. And is also responsible for collecting, analyzing and interpreting extremely large amounts of data.

The skills required are as follows:

  • Maters in Programming, Statistics, Machine Learning, Linear Algebra and Calculus
  • Python
  • Machine learning
  • Deep learning
  • Natural Language Processing
  • SQL
  • NoSQL
  • Elasticsearch
  • Hadoop

11. Senior Web Developer 

Web, Web Developer, Full Stack Developer, Www

According to Wikipedia “A web developer is a programmer who specializes in, or is specifically engaged in, the development of World Wide Web applications using a client-server model”. Senior web developers collect business obligations and then develop blueprints required for web-based applications. They always attempt to build consistent and attractive web properties.

The salary midpoint for senior web developers is $123,000.

Academic qualifications and skills required to be a Senior web Developer include:

  • Bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related field
  • Proficient in front-and back-end systems
  • Expert in one programming language
  • Experience on PHP and Ruby on Rails sites
  • Prior work experience
  • Experience in common languages like HTML5 and JavaScript

12. Systems Engineer

System engineers work with data and project managers to understand systems and consult with customers to determine their needs, corrects software errors in existing systems, and improves performance through hardware upgrades. They are liable for maintaining and supporting the technical infrastructure at a company, including system hardware and software. They do debug and reconfiguration of the system in case of system failure, if necessary.  

The skills required are as follows:

  • Bachelor’s Degree in Systems Engineering (4 years).
  • Master’s Degree in Systems Engineering (2 years).
  • Problem Solving and Troubleshooting
  • Motivating and Persuading Others
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Entrepreneurial Thinking
  • Computer Skills

 Systems engineers should also possess strong communication skills to convert technical information to nontechnical users.

The salary midpoint for systems engineers is $106,000.

In Conclusion

All the job profiles mentioned in this article are by no means exhaustive however presents a good cross-section of the future job market. It is quite clear that jobs like data science and automation are the most in-demand and offer higher than average starting and mid-level salaries. I hope this information on the skill demand for the coming future will help you and provide more clarity about what career to choose to be future-ready.