Top Programming Languages 2020 For Android App Development

Technology has made our lives easier with several forms of implementation in different fields still, beginners in coding are always wondering which language they should invest learning/ working to get better learning experience.

With several programming languages for android app development available to software programmers, picking an ideal one for a job can be quite tricky as we are living in an undeniably portable first world.

Android has the most gadgets, however, iOS has an increasingly rewarding business sector. What this implies for engineers is that there is a lot of interest to produce for the two stages, and you can’t generally turn out badly practicing in any case.

Also, old programming languages become obsolete while new programming languages are launched, but they never gain traction. Practical knowledge of more than one language has helped data scientists, senior developers, and driverless vehicle engineers to excel in their profession.

It is an obvious fact that there are two major biological systems for versatile application development: Android and iOS.

Here is a list of Top programming languages for Android app development 2020:



Created: James Gosling primarily designed Java at Sun Microsystems in the year 1996


  • Object-Oriented language
  • Java offers APIs for different activities like Database connection, networking, XML parsing, utilities, etc.
  • Powerful open-source Rapid Development tools
  • A large number of open-source libraries


  • Memory management in Java is quite expensive
  • The absence of templates can limit you to create high-quality data structures.

Usage/Application: Java mostly used for developing Android apps, web apps, and Big data.

Salary: An average salary for any Java developer in United State is $101,013 per year.

Learning difficulty: Learning Java is simple and easy.



Year Created:

C# is a computer programming language. It’s the first version released in 2001.


  • C# uses an almost similar syntax which follows by C so it easy to understand for those who know C language
  • Easy Integration with Windows
  • Fully integrated with the .NET library which provides access to a repository of functionality and support.
  • Safer than its namesakes (C/++) as pointer types are not permitted


  • It allows pointers in ‘unsafe’ blocks

Usage applications: Widely used in Enterprise Cross-Applications Development, Web Applications


The average salary for “C# developer” ranges from $66,493 per year to $101,775 per year.

Learning Difficulty: Hard




C++ is a programming language that was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1983.


  • It is a popular language, and thus, there are many compilers and libraries
  • Other programming languages like C, C#, and Java have a very similar syntax to C++, make it easy to learn for everyone who knows C++.
  • No garbage collector is running in the background.


  • The syntax is complex, and the standard library is small, making this language very difficult to learn for the beginner programmer.
  • C++ program can’t support garbage collection or Dynamic Memory Allocation
  • The object orientation system in C++ is unnecessarily basic compared to other languages.

Usage applications: C++ is widely used in Game Development, Advance Computations, and Graphics Compilers


The average salary of C++ developers in the United States is $113,865 per year.

Learning Difficulty: Hard




Clean and short syntax, good for Android app developers. The Kotlin compiler aims to fail-fast whenever possible. This greatly facilitates searching for bugs and can even prevent them in the first place. The Kotlin compiler performs many checks, avoiding runtime errors and reducing the cost and effort of error fixes.

Usage/ Applications

Kotlin allows you to keep using your productivity-enhancing tools. If you use IntelliJ, IDE interop is entirely seamless: code can be refactored, searched, navigated and auto-completed as if the Kotlin code was Java and vice-versa. There is full support for debugging, unit testing, profiling and so on. 

Learning Difficulty:  Moderate



Created: JavaScript was earlier called LiveScript when it first shipped in with Netscape Navigator 2.0 in September 1995. Later, it was renamed as a JavaScript.


  • Client-side JavaScript is very fast as it can be run quickly in the client-side browser
  • JavaScript is relatively simple to learn.
  • It can work smoothly with other languages and can be used in a huge variety of applications.
  • Grease monkey support to write snippets of JavaScript which can execute on specific web pages


  • JavaScript only allows single inheritance, so multiple inheritances are not possible
  • No copy or equal method is available in JavaScript.
  • JavaScript interpreted differently by different browsers.

Usage/ Applications: JavaScript usage include web/mobile app development, game development, and desktop app development.

Salary: An average wage for Javascript developer in the United States is around $110,981 per year

Learning Difficulty: Easy


R Programming

Created: R was designed by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka at the University of Auckland. This project was conceived in 1992, but it’s the initial version released in 1995 and a stable beta version in 2000.


  • R is a comprehensive statistical analysis language which encourages you to develop new ideas
  • As a statistical language which is considered to be very easy to code
  • R is open-source software. Therefore, anyone can use and change it
  • R is good for GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows.
  • R is cross-platform which means it can seamlessly run on different operating systems.


  • In R, quality of some packages is not up to the mark
  • R does not have the best memory management. Therefore, it may consume all available memory.

Usage/Application: Data Science projects, Statistical computing, Machine learning

Salary: An average wage for any R developer ranges from approximately $90,042 to $136,616 per year

Learning Difficulty: Hard

Corona SDK

Corona SDK


  • Single codebase. You are not required to hire various designers and use diverse development situations for every gadget in Corona.
  • Importance of design
  • Community
  • Quicker Monetization
  • Dominant APIs
  • FPS.


  • You won’t be writing apps in their native languages (ie. objective-c for iOS and Java for Android). …
  • A lot of times not writing apps natively can negatively impact the performance of an app. …
  • You will be directly limited by the Corona SDK.

Usage/ Applications:

Corona is a complete framework that lets you create games, educational apps, business/utility apps, and more. Corona is cross-platform — develop for mobile, desktop, and connected TV devices with just one codebase. Development is done in Lua, a powerful and easy-to-learn scripting language.

Learning Difficulty: Easy




  • Supports multiple systems and platforms
  • Object-Oriented Programming (OOPs) driven.
  • Helps to improve Programmer’s Productivity
  • Allows you to scale even the most complex applications with ease
  • Extensive Support Libraries


  • Note ideal for Mobile Computing
  • Python’s database access layer is a bit underdeveloped and primitive.

Usage/Application: Web and Internet Development, Scientific and Numeric applications, Desktop GUIs, Business applications. It is widely used in AI and Machine Learning space.

Salary: An average salary for any Python developer in the United State is $114,383 per year.

Learning Difficulty: Easy



Year Created:

Rasmus Lerdorf created PHP in 1994


  • Running with PHP is simple
  • Functional and Object-Oriented Programming
  • Large Open Source Software Community
  • A reasonably good system of automation tools available for testing and deploying


  • Error handling facility is poor as PHP lacks debugging tool
  • PHP is not secure as it is one of the open-source languages
  • Developing a website with PHP Web Development is slower than other programming languages.

Usage applications: Web Applications, Content Management Systems, eCommerce Applications


The average salary for a PHP Developer in the US is $84,727 per year

Learning Difficulty: Easy



Created: SQL was developed at IBM by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce. This language was made available publicly in 1979.


  • Powerful query language
  • Optimized for large numbers of table rows
  • Fast for searching and querying of data
  • High availability and consistency of data
  • Fast for retrieving data from multiple tables


  • Difficult to convert data from Objects into database tables
  • It can only run on a single server, so increasing speed means upgrading hardware.
  • As SQL databases run on a single server so in case if the server stop working, then the database shouldn’t be accessed

Usage applications: Used in Any Database

Salary: The average salary earned by SQL Developer is $84,792 per year in the United States

Learning Difficulty: Easy



Created: Go language which is also known as golang is developed at Google in 2009 by Robert Griesemer, Ken Thompson, and Rob Pike.


  • Go is a really fast language as it is compiled to machine code
  • Its syntax is small compared to other languages, and it’s easy to learn.
  • Offers standard library to provide handy built-in functions for working with primitive types
  • Go makes concurrent programming easy.


  • Poor Library Support
  • Interfaces Are Implicit
  • Fractured Dependency Management

Usage applications: Console utilities, GUI applications, and web applications


The average salary earned by GO Developer is $94,082 per year in the United States.

Learning Difficulty: Difficult




  • Easy to Learn
  • HTML is Free
  • It is Supported by all Browsers.
  • It is lightweight
  • It is the basic learning step of all programming languages.


  • Errors can be costly.
  • The time it takes to choose the color scheme of a page and to create lists, tables, and forms.
  • It can create only static and plain pages so if we need dynamic pages then HTML is not useful.
  • Need to write a lot of code for making a simple webpage.

Usage/ Applications:

HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is used to create web pages. Site authors use HTML to format text as titles and headings, to arrange graphics on a webpage, to link to different pages within a website, and to link to different websites.

Learning Difficulty:  Easy




  • Easier to maintain and update.
  • Greater consistency in design.
  • More formatting options.
  • Lightweight code.
  • Faster download times.
  • Search engine optimization benefits.


  • Speed: Downloading an HTML page will always take longer if CSS is embedded within it.
  • Weirdness: While CSS is easy to use and understand, its syntax is very different from HTML and not terribly user-friendly.

Usage/ Applications: CSS is the language for describing the presentation of Web pages, including colors, layout, and fonts. It allows one to adapt the presentation to different types of devices, such as large screens, small screens, or printers. CSS is independent of HTML and can be used with any XML-based markup language.

Learning Difficulty:  Moderate

Presenting Here a List of Top Android App Development Companies this 2020:

Android app development

Here is a recommended list of top 5 android app development companies based on the reviews on trusted rating agencies like clutch and Good firms as well as the organic ranking on search engines.

#1. Pixelcrayons: An award-winning Android app development company

Looking for experienced as well as adroit developers? Then head straight to this company with 14+ years of experience. One and a half-decade of industry experience provides them with an ability to grasp the needs of clients in the first meeting itself.

Their client retention rate of 97% speaks volumes about their efficiency and hard work. The team is well credited for its strict NDA and 100% money-back guarantee. You can avail of their Android app development services which are combined with the latest technologies like AI, VR, AR, blockchain, etc as per the needs of clients.

#2. Appinventiv: Chooses the best ideas and change them into reality

The team strength of Appinventiv is 250+ employees. In its journey of six years, it has expanded exponentially. Their offices are located in India, the USA, UK, and Dubai. Their team comprises of designers, developers, testers and business strategists.

Their solutions are known for their efficiency and top-notch quality as well as results. The Appinventiv team extends its complete support to allow maximum growth to its clients with optimum android development services.

#3. Mutual Mobile: Blurs the difference between the digital and real worlds.

If you are looking for an android app development company that will work according to your goals, then Mutual Mobile is the best option. Their top-notch solutions find credit in every industrial domain from healthcare to tourism.

They are acclaimed by their clientele for bringing the vision into reality; the digital reality. The outcomes delivered by them are almost equal to the expectations of the service takers.

#4. Quytech: Delivered 150+ projects

It has been a decade since the inception of this efficient company in the mobile app development industry. Their team is delivering its solutions to all sizes of companies from startups to enterprise-level organizations.

They provide detailed consultation to their clients before starting with a project. Technologies covered in their services include artificial intelligence, virtual reality, augmented reality, etc. Quytech has found its clients all over the globe throughout its journey.

#5. Value Coders: A well-known Android app development company

Since its inception in 2004, Valuecodes has expanded its team to 500+ designers, developers, QAs and testers. It has shown exponential growth in android app development market by focusing on clients from all over the globe.

Each of their team members possesses experience in varied domains to which they are delegated. This means that if you want to develop an android app for e-commerce business then Valuecoders will provide you a developer who has years of experience in this domain.

Android ReactJS

Why Learning ReactJs Makes Sense In 2020?

ReactJS is a declarative, efficient JavaScript framework to build interactive user interfaces (UI) with greater ease and flexibility. It provides many advantages in designing simple views for different states in an application and greater ease in updating and rendering the right components efficiently just when the data changes.

Benefits Of React.js
Benefits Of React.js

React is providing the developer’s a better work experience and the advantage to change any component at any point in time without affecting the rest of the applications, resulting in widespread business support and innumerous websites built on React.

React JS is a very competent dynamic application for preparing larger web apps in a coordinated, flexible way where application UIs can be designed in a scalable and swift manner.

React's lifecycle

React is winning the hearts as a solid front-end development application due to its flexibility, better performance, and enhanced usability features to use the applications on both clients as well as the server-side.

Also, the’ Similar tech’ survey report suggests that the “United States of America” is the front-runner worldwide in hiring react developers for many future projects along with present ventures.

Let’s Check Few Advantages Of ReactJs Which Are Making It A Developer’s Favourite:

Suitable for Start-Ups As Well As Established Businesses

React provides hassle-free modification in existing functionalities allocating very little time and budget on the development process prompting major business brands to adopt the technology.

pros and  cons of react
pros and cons of react

Enhances Productivity

React is loaded with exceptional features creating better visual delight in terms of front-end designs as it eliminates the “Jquery” which is a code-heavy framework. Also, Virtual DOM increases the speed of web applications creating better productivity for that web application process.


Since many applications have complex logic and changes made in one component can affect others. So, developers at Facebook came up with a brilliant enhanced productivity feature in React by providing it with the ability to re-employ the same/ earlier used assets which makes workflow easier for the developers.

Re-use of assets is very common among developers, who typically re-employ the same digital objects for better productivity. One can start with the finest components (checkbox, button, etc.), then move on to wrapper components comprising of tiny elements and move forward to the main root component.

Code Stability

React JS ensures a more stable code by using downward data flow only so that the parent structure doesn’t get affected by any minutest of a change that occurs in the child structure.

In changing an object, developers only need to modify their state, make amendments for specific components. This kind of data binding structure ensures code stability and smooth application performance.

Additionally, it provides a fault-tolerant ‘UI’ because of the component creation aspect, which allows developers to efficiently conduct unit testing to avoid system crashes. Code reusability enables reducing time performing redundant tests to improve code quality giving stability to Code structure.

SEO friendly Platform

Top developers recommend learning ReactJS to budding young developers for better SEO experience which generates heavy traffic to your site and it is the guaranteed criteria for online success. ReactJs library is better-equipped in dealing with search engine failure, creating a great SEO friendly environment.


React reduces page load time through faster rendering and quickly adapts the performance in real-time according to user traffic demand, such type of features are not perfectly handled by other frameworks. This aspect of quick rendering is crucial for online success, as we know faster the speed more the number of users.

Simple to learn

ReactJS is very easy to learn and more focused than some other JavaScript framework. Many businesses are shifting or adopting React library because of the simplicity it provides and ease of use. Ease of Learning React is the best advantage as compared to other popular front-end frameworks like Angular and Vue.

When technology is difficult to learn, it gets difficult to complete a project on it and make it successful. So, enterprises prefer to deploy that technology which is easy to learn for the developing team and finish the project in scheduled time.

Better front-end Development Experience:

React Javascript library is growing its base among the developer’s community and so far thousands of websites have been built using React’s dynamic features of providing better features, great work-experience, and better web application development.

Its flexibility, better performance, and better usability features make it a very solid front-end development app


Learning “ReactJS” is the need of the hour and makes sense as it is providing much-needed ease to developers in building highly engaging web applications and user interfaces in very lesser time, where they create large scale apps with frequently changing data. React’s benefits of being robust, advanced, responsive,non-risky, user-friendly far exceed its disadvantages and developers and organizations understand React’s relevance in the market, so they are promoting its learning and deployment wholeheartedly.

Word Of Advice:

The migration process from Reactjs can get rather tough and time-consuming at times so think about all such factors regarding time completion etc.before starting your Project on React.

Android Business Development

Top 5 Malware Removal Tools

Nowadays, people use multiple online platforms to search and use different software according to their need. It may meet you with the villain of your system Mr. Malware. Technically, malware is known as a computer virus which harms your system and it’s data.

It’s important to shield your system from such threats that protect your data getting from hack because for every organization as well as for individuals, privacy is the first priority and to secure their data it is important to use advanced and protective anti-malware.

Top 5 Malware Removal Tools

Why do systems need to be protected?

You have heard about cyber-crimes or you may also have lost important data because of corrupted files and experienced the difficulty in the data recovery process. In extremely unfortunate cases, others may have been victims of hacked accounts on Facebook and Instagram. Each way, the results of data loss or viral attacks were not pleasant. Below you’ll find the top five anti-malware software.

What is Malware (Computer virus)?

Malware, or malicious software, is any program or file that is harmful for a computer user, Malware authors use a variety of physical and virtual means to spread malware that can infect your devices and networks. Types of malware can include Computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, and spyware. These malicious programs can perform a variety of different functions such as stealing, encrypting or deleting sensitive data, altering or highjacking core computing functions and monitoring users computer activity without their knowledge.

Types of Malware

Trojan horse code:-

It is among the easiest to execute and most commonly known malware. Trojan horse code gains entry into the target while disguised as a necessary download or update. It then captures, modifies or destroys the intended data – like system passwords.


These codes get into the host system for spying on the user’s computer or web activity. It can be used for business by spying on their competitors, also for political opponents or employers to monitor their employee’s computer activity.


Intended to gain access to sensitive data which cyber-criminals demand payment not to publish or to destroy if not paid a ransom for the data.


Disguised in the form of annoying advertisement pop-ups that the computer user needs to click to get rid of them. Often redirects the user into more clicking to get rid of the repetitive pop-ups.


Intended to corrupt a network of machines globally or in an intended target organization to perform a number of functions such as steal data or block certain keywords/articles/content from being visible on search engines.

Wiper malware:-

It is intended to delete or completely wipe out the intended target’s sensitive data so that the user cannot gain access.

Other malware/codes include computer worms, scareware, cryptocurrency mining malware, and computer viruses.

Top 5 Malware removal tools.

1. Avast free antivirus

Avast antivirus is an internet security applications developed by Avast for Microsoft Windows, macOS, Android, and iOS. It is free and proprietary versions that provide computer security, browser security, antispyware, antivirus software, firewall, anti-phishing, and anti-spam services to its users. Since 2017, it is the most popular antivirus in the market also have a large share market for antivirus applications.

Let’s discuss its products and their benefits, also study why it is best for your device.

For Microsoft Windows products

  • Avast Free Antivirus:
    It is free for home and non-commercial usage that includes antivirus, password manager, and WiFi security scanner. As well as it’s one-year registration and provides advertisements for their more Avast products to secure your device.

  • Avast Pro Antivirus:
    For your PC or home use, this product of Avast is really useful as it includes all the feature of the free version with more advanced feature and additional of SafeZone Browser, Sandbox, and Secure DNS. Avast Pro Antivirus doesn’t need any registration but it requires a license or activation code.

  • Avast Internet Security:
    This security product is an updated version that contains all the features of Avast Pro with the addition of firewall and Anti-spam. It also not requires any registration but needs a code to activate and secure your devices.

  • Avast Premier:
    It comes with all the advanced features of Avast Internet security with its own upgrade version of data shredder, you can access it from anywhere, and automatic software updater which automatically updates your Personal computer.

  • Avast Ultimate:
    This product of Avast provides the user Password premium, Secure-line VPN, Cleanup in a one-year amount, Avast premier feature which is really helpful to PC users to operate this and secure their systems.

macOS Products

  • Avast Free Mac security:
    An antivirus for Apple Macintosh computers operating macOS based on a central virus-scanning daemon that offers three shields, on-demand scanning, and WebRep clients which are automatically installed to UC Browser, Safari, Chrome, and Firefox browsers.

Mobile products (Android)

  • Avast Mobile Security and Antivirus:
    It is a free app for android users also, to secure their Phone details and accounts of Facebook or Gmail. This mobile security includes a firewall, app lock, a virus scanner, virus removal, protector, network meter, app manager, and rooted phones. An unlimited package of security.

  • Avast Mobile Premium:
    Premium app for use on Android devices. Includes the features found in the free app plus app locking, geofencing, remote SMS, data recovery, Anti Theft and identification, and extended backup.

[Important] Avast programs are only accessible to internet-connected devices and are available in 45 languages.

2. Malwarebytes Anti-malware

It is an anti-malware software for Microsoft Windows, macOS, Android, and iOS that finds and removes malware. Made by Malwarebytes Corporation, it was first released in January 2006. It is available in both versions free as well as paid with added functions. In free version, which scans for and removes malware when started manually, and a paid version, which additionally provides scheduled scans, real-time protection, and a flash-memory scanner.

Malwarebytes is available in both a free and a premium paid version:

The free version can be run manually by the user when desired, whereas the paid version can perform scheduled scans, automatically scan files when opened, block IP addresses of malicious web sites, and scan only those services, programs and device drivers that are currently in use.

It come-up with deep scans and this is the most powerful malware scanner with daily updates. Malwarebytes Anti-Malware should be your first port of call if you suspect a malware infection. And this daily update which helps it to identify and remove new threats. Also available free, and along with Anti-Malware, is a great addition to your security toolkit.

It come with 14 days trial of the premium edition. Also, it returns to the basic version after two weeks. This is still a top-notch security tool and has to be activated manually.

[Important] It also has preventative tools like real-time scanning and protection from ransomware

3. AVG antivirus

AVG AntiVirus is a family of antivirus software developed by AVG Technologies, a subsidiary of Avast. All the product which are provided by AVG antivirus are known as Freemium. It is accessible for Windows, macOS, and Android. AVG is free to download, installation, update as well as to use but if you need any technical support you have to purchase it.

It is used for office and business purpose and keep data safe because the software encrypts and stores files and documents onto a virtual disk on a PC which is protected by a password build by users. Also has an advanced file shredder that deletes files securely so nobody can recover them with malicious intent.

Benefits of AVG antivirus

  • Keep It Safe:
    AVG antivirus safe your data, identity, and information. For business and customer data, it is one of the most important assets of corporations. When hackers and malware there, AVG help the data to be compromised, resulting in data breaks and disruptions of business operations. It is designed to keep important data and files safe, private, and out of the hands of hackers.
  • Protect Network and Link Scanning:
    AVG AntiVirus helps in keeping a network safe from cyber threats, making sure organizations and their employees will be able to access the Internet securely and safely. Before webpage loads and opens in a browser, the software scans it first and shows a safety rating in the search engine results. Thus, when users click links, AVG AntiVirus informs them about anything is dubious or wrong.
  • Email Protection:
    The antivirus software provides an email shield technology that automatically scans emails and removes content that contains malware or any security threats. As well as it blocks email attachments that are suspicious and dangerous for your system.
  • Powerful Mobile Security:
    AVG AntiVirus protect smartphones and tablets used by employees are protected from the viruses, malware, spyware, unsafe apps & links and settings, and unwanted callers. This is because it gives an antivirus app for Android devices which can be downloaded from Google Play. Once the app is installed, it runs silently, providing users with powerful mobile protection.
  • Smart Scanner:
    Apart from keeping data, files, and networks safe, AVG AntiVirus ensures that PC devices are protected against malware and hackers. It has an advanced scanning engine that automatically scans computers when employees are not working.
  • Remote Protection:
    AVG AntiVirus provides a very attractive ability which allows administrators to remotely install and configure the software from a single location. This will be able to expand the software to all the computers on their network easily. Also, the software updates itself automatically so it can protect the devices from the latest threats with the latest version.

[Important] AVG AntiVirus has an anti-spyware that prevents identity theft by detecting spyware and adware which collect personal information.

4. Windows malicious software removal tool

Microsoft Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool is a freely distributed virus removal tool created by Microsoft for all the Microsoft Windows operating system. It is a free program that removes a whole host of the most popular malicious software (malware). Many Windows users have it installed and run it monthly, yet are not aware of its existence. It’s a stealth program when things are functioning frequently you don’t see it. It is updated silently as part of Windows Update or Microsoft Update. It runs in what the company refers to as “quiet mode”, which means it doesn’t tell you anything – at least as long as it doesn’t find any malware to remove.

Windows malicious software removal tool

How does it work? After Windows downloads the newest version of the Microsoft Malicious Software Removal Tool, it will automatically run it in the background. This tool checks for specific, popular types of malware and removes them if it finds them. If everything is accurate, Windows will run the tool silently in the background without interrupting you. Although it finds a virus and fixes it, the tool will display a report indicating you which malicious software detected and removed after you restart your computer.

There are many advantages to running MSRT ( Microsoft’s Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool) 

  • You can opt to run a full scan rather than the default quick scan.
  • It automatically scan all the installed program once a month, or sometimes your PC acting strangely.
  • Also, you can manually ensure that the latest version of Malicious Software Removal Tool (MSRT) should installed in your PC.
  • You get an accurate warning of virus by MSRT.

[Important] The program is usually updated on the second Tuesday of every month.

5. SpyBot- Search & Destroy

This is a popular and comprehensive internet security servant that receives rid of spyware, adware, and malware. System tools and antivirus capabilities bundled together in the sequence business editions, which are tailored for technicians and organizations. With Spybot– Search & Destroy the browsers are immunized from threats floating around on the internet.

spybot- codersera

At the same time, users are also given a tool that gets rid of files that tax the running memory of a system because they automatically run when you start up a computer. Tasks can run without disruptions caused by malicious files because of these preemptive measures. Information made unusable by malware can also be recovered by Spybot – Search & Destroy

Some features of Spybot are:

  • Task scheduling
  • secure file shredder
  • Boot CD creator
  • Protected Repair environment
  • Internet protection
  • Antivirus protection
  • System immunization
  • Registry repair
  • Scanner & fixer
  • No Donation Requests
  • Multiple Updates Daily
  • Multi-Core Processors Support

[Important] Version 2.4 was released in July 2014

Basic Comparison of all five Malware Removal Tools

Malware Removal ToolsInstallation TimeSpace (MB)Full Scan Time
1 Avast free antivirus4 min903 MB8 min
2 Malwarebytes Anti-malware 1 min193 MB7 min
3 AVG antivirus2 min760 MB9 min
4 Windows malicious software removal tool1 min46 MB5 min
5 SpyBot 1 min221 MB72 min
Android Backend Developer Development Frontend Developers Remote developer Top Coder

Top 7 Vulnerabilities In Android Applications 2019

Android application vulnerabilities have become a problem because of Google Play’s open format, and also because users can sideload apps, removing any oversight regarding the safety of apps.

There are also updates and patches to the Android operating system. You can’t count on Android to update itself in a timely manner, because wireless carries control update schedules on all but Google’s Pixel devices.

Expert testing of Android mobile applications shows that in most cases, insecure data storage is the most common security flaw in android apps. According to a report, Vulnerabilities and Threats are slightly more common in Android applications, compared to iOS counterparts(43% vs 38%). But the experts categorize this difference as minimal: the security level of apps is roughly equivalent between the two platforms.

Comprehensive security checks of a mobile application include a search for vulnerabilities in the client and server, as well as data transmission between them.

There Are Two Aspects:-

Client-Side vulnerabilities

60% of vulnerabilities are on the client side

89% of vulnerabilities can be exploited without physical access

56% of vulnerabilities can be exploited without administrator rights

Insecure interprocess communication(IPC) is a common critical vulnerability allowing an attacker to remotely access data processed in a vulnerable mobile application.

Android provides Intent message objects as a way for application components to communicate with each other. If these messages are broadcasted, any sensitive data in them can be compromised by malware that has registered a BroadcastReceiver instance.

Developers should use LocalBroadcastManager to send and receive broadcast messages not intended for third-party applications.

Server-Side Vulnerabilities

Server-side components vulnerabilities both in application code and in the app protection mechanisms. The latter include flaws in the implementation of two-factor authentication. Let us consider one vulnerability our experts encountered in an application. If two identical requests are sent to the server one right after the other, with a minimal interval between them, One Time Passwords (OTP) are sent to the user’s device both as push notifications and via SMS to the linked Phone Number. The attacker can intercept SMS messages and impersonate the legitimate user, for instance, by cleaning out the user’s bank account.

It is not necessary to send one-time passwords twice in both SMS messages and push notifications. Instead, use the passwords twice in both SMS messages and push notifications. Instead, use the password delivery method selected by the user.

The average server-side component contains five code vulnerabilities and one configuration vulnerability. Configuration flaws include disclosure of sensitive information in error messages, fingerprinting in HTTP headers, and TRACE availability.

Top 7 vulnerabilities

It’s not logical to order the top seven list of vulnerabilities. These are encounter by either severity, impact, or prevalence, as these vulnerabilities found can cause problems for an organization in terms of data loss, sharing private information, or other areas ripe for exploitation by hackers. Here are the Top 7 vulnerabilities, and the solution for how to avoid them:-

1-Binary Protection:-

Insufficient Jailbreak / Root Detection. Rooting or jailbreaking a device circumvents data protection and encryption schemes on the system. When a device has been compromised, any form of malicious code can run on the device, which can significantly alter the intended behaviors of the application logic. Recovery and data forensic tools generally run on rooted devices as well.

With regards to security, it is best to not have the app run on rooted or jailbroken devices, or to at least do some form of root/jailbreak detection. Detecting whether a device has been compromised adds an extra layer of policy enforcement and risk mitigation to protect the data within the application from being exposed.

2- Insufficient Transport Layer Protection:-

Applications frequently fail to encrypt network traffic when it is necessary to protect sensitive communications. Encryption must be used for all authenticated connections, especially Internet-accessible web pages. Backend connections should be encrypted as well, or risk exposing an authentication or session token to malicious actors on the same network as the application host. These backend connections may represent a lower likelihood of exploitation than a connection over the external Internet; however, their impact in the case of exploitation can still result in a compromise of user accounts or worse.

Encryption should be used whenever sensitive data, such as credit card or health information, is transmitted. Applications that fall back to plaintext or otherwise be forced out of an encrypting mode can be abused by attackers.

Ensure the application has a security constraint that defines confidentiality and integrity-based secure transport guarantee. This will ensure that all data is sent in a manner that guarantees it cannot be observed or changed during transmission. If TLS must be terminated at a load balancer, web application firewall, or other in-line hosts, it should re-encrypt the data in transit to the target host(s).

3-Insufficient Authorization/Authentication:-

Insufficient Authorization results when an application does not perform adequate authorization checks to ensure that the user is performing a function or accessing data in a manner consistent with the security policy.

Authorization procedures should enforce what a user, service, or application is permitted to do. When a user is authenticated to a web site, it does not necessarily mean that the user should have full access to all content and functionality.

Enforce a proven authorization framework scheme that emphasizes policy-based configuration files over hard-coded authentication/authorization checks wherever possible.

4- Cryptography-Improper Certificate Validation:-

This application is either not validating SSL/TLS certificates or is utilizing an SSL/TLS certificate validation system that will not correctly verify that a trusted provider issued the certificate. The client should be configured to drop the connection if the certificate cannot be verified, or is not provided. Any data exchanged over a connection where the certificate has not properly been validated could be exposed to unauthorized access or modification.

Ensure that your application’s certificate validation is configured to correctly verify that certificate is provided, and from a trusted source like a reliable Certificate Authority. Or, code-in the latest certificate transparency standards approved by IETF or the CA/B Forum.

5- Brute Force – User Enumeration:-

There are numerous ways for an attacker to determine if a user exists in the system is; a brute force attack is a method to determine an unknown value bypassing an automated process to try a large number of possible values. The attack takes advantage of the fact that the entropy of the value is smaller than perceived.

For example, while an 8-character alphanumeric password can have 2.8 trillion possible values, many people will select their passwords from a much smaller subset consisting of common words and terms.

If error messages change when the username and/or password are submitted incorrectly, an attacker can determine the existence of a valid username/email address based on any differences in the error messages.

The user enumeration vulnerability typically occurs in the following functionality: Login, Registration,
or Forgot Password. The application should not reveal whether a username is valid. The response to valid and invalid input in either field should be completely identical.

For example, instead of “Sorry, your password is invalid”, a proper response might say: “Sorry, your username or password is incorrect. Please try again.”

6-Insufficient Session Expiration:-

After a user signs out of an application, the identifiers that were used during the session are supposed to be invalidated. If the server fails to invalidate the session identifiers, it is possible for other users to use those identifiers to impersonate that user and perform actions on his behalf.

First, it is a best practice to ensure a logout button is implemented in the application; and second, when the user clicks this button their session is properly invalidated.

7-Information Leakage- Application Cache:-

Sensitive data can be leaked from application caches, either through the main application code or via third-party frameworks. Mobile devices present a unique challenge with regards to secure data storage. The devices can be easily lost or stolen. Many users do not lock their devices. The cached data can be viewed by an attacker who is performing data forensics on the physical device.

Ensure the sensitive data is not accidentally leaked through the cache. Developers can prevent it by creating a threat model for OS, framework, and platform to check and verify the way data is handled during URL caching, keyboard press caching, logging, copy or paste caching, app background, browser cookies objects, HTML5 data storage and analytic data that is sent to the server or another app.